Activities in the area of legislation
The proposals made by President with respect to amendments to the Constitution of Latvia
1. Amend Section 14 of the Constitution to state the following:
14. The right to propose a national referendum on the dissolution of the Saeima shall rest with no fewer than one-tenth of the electorate. Where a majority of voters cast votes to dissolve the Saeima, and at least two-thirds of the persons who voted in the previous Saeima election take part in the referendum, the Saeima shall be considered to be dissolved. The right to propose a national referendum on the dissolution of the Saeima shall not be used during the first and last year of the term in office of the Saeima, during the last six months of the term in office of the President of Latvia, or sooner than six months after a previous referendum on dissolution of the Saeima. Voters shall not have the right to recall individual members of the Saeima.”
2. Amend Section 48 of the Constitution to state the following:
48. The President shall have the right to dissolve the Saeima where:
1) The Saeima has amended the first, second, third, fourth, sixth or seventy-seventh section of the Constitution, but the amendments have been rejected in a national referendum;
2) The Saeima rejects a nominated prime minister and his or her Cabinet of Ministers more than three times in succession, provided that the President has not asked one and the same person to establish a government more than once;
3) The Saeima fails to approve a national budget by March 1 of the fiscal year;
4) There are no Saeima meetings for one than one month during the term in office of the Saeima because of an absence of quorum or because no meetings have been called;
5) Dissolution is necessary so that the Saeima receives the direct support of the people on a particularly important issue. Prior to taking such a decision, the President shall consult with the speaker of the Saeima and with the prime minister.
The President shall not have the right to dissolve the Saeima if fewer than three months remain in the President’s term in office.
3. Amend Section 49 of the Constitution to state the following:
49. Where the Saeima has been dissolved, members of the Saeima shall remain in office until such time as the newly elected Saeima takes office. The dissolved Saeima shall meet only if the President calls a meeting. The President shall define the agenda for any such meeting.
4. Amend Section 50 of the Constitution to state the following:
50. A new parliamentary election shall be held no sooner than one month and no later than two months after the dissolution of the previous Saeima.