This year we mark 100 years of Latvia’s constitution, Satversme. It is a special moment for all of us. We can fully appreciate the moment only by reflecting upon the true significance and impact of this document on our lives. It is a document that stipulates the basic rules that govern our country at the highest legal level. It is also a document that is important for our everyday life and it determines how we interact. It is a set of basic rules that each resident of Latvia must follow. It also contains description of basic rights, freedoms and obligations.
Satversme is the core legal document that establishes the mandate of government branches and system of ‘checks and balances’. Satversme establishes the political system of Latvia, with main government departments and bodies, separation of power, which ensures the efficiency of decision-making and prevents abuse of power. It defines clear scope of responsibility of each government agency, and how these agencies collaborate. Satversme establishes the social structure of Latvia and how we live. It defines our values, national identity, goals. It supports our cultural advancement and protects the core elements of our nation state such as the Latvian language.
President of Latvia
Presidium of Constitutional Assembly. Photos: Mārtiņš Lapiņš
Source: Satversme: Constitution of the Republic of Latvia. Latvijas Vēstnesis Publishing House, Riga, 2012, 69 pp.
Satversme 100th anniversary programme of Presidential Chancery: